To make images and videos accessible for users with disabilities, you can follow these best practices:
- Provide alternative text (alt text): Alt text is a brief description added to an image's HTML code. It describes the content and function of the image for users who cannot see the image, such as those who are blind or have low vision. Make sure to use descriptive and accurate alt text that conveys the important information and context of the image.
- Provide captions and transcripts for videos: Captions provide a text alternative for the audio content in your videos, making it accessible for users who are deaf or hard of hearing. Captions should include all spoken dialogue and any relevant sound effects and music. Transcripts provide a text alternative for the audio content in your videos, making it accessible for users who are deaf or hard of hearing users and those who prefer to read rather than watch videos.
- Use descriptive titles and filenames: Use descriptive and meaningful titles and filenames for your images and videos that accurately describe their content and purpose. This will make it easier for users to find and understand the content.
- Use accessible media players: Use media players that are accessible to users with disabilities, including those that are keyboard accessible and can be used with assistive technologies.
- Use high-contrast colors and clear fonts: Use high-contrast colors and clear fonts for captions and transcripts to make them easier to read for users with visual impairments.
- Test with assistive technologies: Use assistive technologies, such as screen readers and magnifiers, to test your images and videos. This will help you identify any issues that need to be fixed.